Bhai dooj/Bhaiya dooj is a festival that is celebrated among Hindus of India, Nepal, and other countries on the second lunar of the Shukla paksha of the Kartika month of Vikram samvat Hindu calendar. It celebrates the sister-brother bond, similar in spirit to Raksha Bandhan but it is the brother that travels to meet the sister and her family.
The occasion falls on the last day of the five-day-long celebrations of Diwali or Tihar festival. It is celebrated as Yama Dwitiya” in the southern parts of India.
The festival of Bhai dooj has a literal meaning attached to it. It is made up of words namely- “Bhai meaning brother and Dooj meaning the second day after the new moon which is a day of its celebration”.
According to Hindu mythology, Bhai Dooj is celebrated to commemorate Lord Krishna’s sister Subhadra's loving gesture toward her brother, After Lord Krishna defeated Narakasur, Subhadra invited her brother to celebrate his
victory, she applied tilak on his forehead and performed aarti, Lord Krishna was so pleased by his sister’s gestures that he blessed her with plentiful boons.
According to pintchman, in some Hindu traditions, the Women recite tales where sisters protect their brothers from enemies that seek to cause him either bodily or spiritual harm. In historic times, this was a day in autumn when brothers would travel to meet their sisters or invite their sister’s family to their village to celebrate their sister-brother bond with the bounty of seasonal harvests.
There is a unique understanding between a brother and a sister. They are the best friends of each other, protectors of each other, admirers of each other, secret shares of each other, and have unconditional love for each other.
It is difficult to decode the feelings, emotions, and love between siblings. However, some special days or occasions are dedicated to strengthening the love between a brother and a sister.
Bhai dooj is one such occasion that can define the eternal love between siblings. This wonderful festival is an important occasion where sisters pray to god for the longevity, well- being and prosperity of their beloved brother. The occasion occurs after the two days of the Diwali festival.